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A list of commonly available landscaping plants. Plants may be subject to availability. Garden designs are available upon request.

In this article

Annual Flowers

Ageratum
6-8" height, partial shade-full sun, mounding form, long blooming period

Wax Begonia
8-12" height, full shade to part sun, rounded form, easy to care for

Ornamental Cabage and Kale
8-12" height, partial shade to full sun, upright head form, hardy fall plant

Vinca, Madagascar Periwinkle
12-24" height, partial shade to full sun, rounded form

Garden Impatients
6-24" height, full shade to part sun, rounded form, self-deadheading

Petunia
6-15" height, partial shade to full sun, horizontal spreading form, deadheading for good reblooming

Salvia
8-20" height, full sun, upright form, attracts birds and butterflies

Dusty Miller
12-24" height, full sun, rounded form

Marigold
12-36" height, full sun, upright form, may discourage some pests

Pansy
6-12" height, full sun, sprawling form, good for spring plantings

Geranium
12-36" height, full sun, upright form, deadheading needed for reblooming

New Wonder Scaevola
6-12" height, full sun, horizontal spreading form, great for rock walls/overhangs

Hybrid Verbena
6-10" height, full sun, sprawling form, attracts butterflies

Perennial Flowers

Yarrow
18-36" height, partial shade to full sun, mounded form, can be floppy if overwatered/naturalizing

Columbine
24-36" height, partial shade to full sun, rounded form, can spread throughout garden/naturalizing

Astilbe
18-24" height, full shade to partial sun, mounded form, good for naturalizing

Aster
24”-4’ height, full sun, upright form, long bloom time

Threadleaf Coreopsis
18-24" height, partial shade to full sun, mounded form, attracts birds and butterflies

Purple Cone Flower
24”-4’ height, full sun, upright form, attracts birds and butterflies/naturalizing

Daylily
36” to 4’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, many colors/naturalizing

Coral Bells
10-12" height, partial shade to full sun, mounded form

Hostas
Varying heights from dwarf to large, rounded form, full shade to partial sun, many colors and flowers

Iris
12”-4’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, good for wet areas

Peony
18” to 4’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright/almost shrub like appearance, naturalizing

Bugleweed
6”-9” height, full shade to full sun, spiked flower form, many colors, aggressive ground cover

Hollyhock
2’-9’ height, full sun, upright form, many colors, nice as a background or boarder plant

Lady’s Mantle
6”-9” height, full sun to partial shade, mounded form, deer resistant

Circle Chives
Up to 12” height, full sun to partial shade, upright form, can easily overtake a garden if not controlled

Hybrid Anemone
2’-4’ height, partial shade to full sun, mounded forms, many colors, needs moist soil

Rockcress
12” height, full sun, dense and spreading form, good for draping over stone walls

Silver Mound Artemesia
12”-18” height, full sun, mounded form, generally flowers are sheared before blooming

Basket of Gold
9”-12” height, full sun, sprawling form, normally removed after blooms die off

False Indigo
3’-4’ height, partial shade to full sun, vase form, low maintenance plant

Heartleaf Bergenia
12”-18” height, partial shade to full sun, rounded form, many colors, best used as a foliage plant

Carpathian Harebell
6”-12” height, partial shade to full sun, rounded form, works well as boarders

Peach-leaved Bellflower
2’-3’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright forms, good for naturalizing, nice as a back boarder

Mountain Bluet
12”-24” height, partial shade to full sun, mounded to upright form, nice as a boarder

Snow-in-Summer
3”-6” height, full sun, upright and creeping form, should be trimmed after initial blooms

Bugbane
4’-6- height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, needs adequate moisture for growth

Tickseed
2’-3’ height, full sun, clump form, good for naturalizing, should be deadheaded

Larkspur
4’-6’ height, full sun, upright form, many colors, should be staked early

Cottage Pinks/Dianthus
many heights, full sun, mat forming, many foliage and flower colors, good as boarders

Fringed Bleeding Heart
12”-18” height, partial shade, mound form, bloom longer in moist shady areas

Foxglove
2’-5’ height, partial shade, mounded form with stalk flowers, spreads within gardens

Leopards-bane
18”-24” height, partial shade to full sun, mounded form, good as cut flowers

Barrenwort
8”-12” height, full to partial shade, mounded form, nice as a shaded ground cover

Cushion Spurge
12”-18” height, full sun, mounded form, flowers are not wholly attractive, plant is nice for its greenery

Siberian Meadowsweet
2’-3’ height, full to partial shade, mounded form with large stalk flowers, good as a rear boarder

Sweet Woodruff
6”-8” height, full to partial shade, low spreading form, easy to rake over in the fall

Baby’s Breath
12”-36” height, full sun, rounded form, nice filler plant in gardens

Sneezeweed
2 ½’-6’ height, full sun, upright form, many colors, good cutting flower

Sunflower Heliopsis
3’-4’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, good cutting flower

Lenten Rose
15”-18” height, full to partial shade, mounded form, will spread throughout a garden

Heuchera
18” height, partial shade to full sun, mounded form, good naturalizing plant

Candytuft
6”-12” height, full sun, woody short shrub, nice for edging

Japanese Iris
18”-24” height, full sun to partial shade, upright form, good in wet areas

Siberian Iris
2’-4’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, nice as boarders

Spotted Deadnettle
8”-12” height, full to partial shade, spreading form, sometimes used as groundcover/can be invasive

Shasta Daisy
1’-3’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded to upright form, good for naturalizing/cutting garden

Spike Gayfeather
1 ½’-3’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, good as boarders

The Rocket Ligularia
5’-6’ height, partial shade to full sun, mounded form, good in moist areas

Money Plant
2’-3’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, can look like a weed, good in cutting gardens

Lupine
3’-4’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, short blooming time, self-seeds

Rose Campion
2’-3’ height, full sun, upright form, good for boarders, self-seed

Beebalm
2’-3’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, spreads profusely

Forget-me-not
6”-8” height, light shade, tufted mound, good for naturalizing, spreads easily

Catmint
18”-36” height, full sun, upright/spreading form, good as boarders

Evening Primrose
6”-24” height, full sun, upright/spreading form, best planted in masses

Russian Sage
3’-4’ height, full sun, vase shape form, should trim back foliage in spring

Garden Phlox
15”-36” height, partial shade to full sun, clumping/upright form, good as boarders

Chinese Lantern
18”-24” height, full sun, upright form, can be invasive

Balloon Flower
2’-3’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright/mounded form, good in boarders

Jacobs Ladder
18”-24” height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, good as boarders

Variegated Soloman’s Seal
2’-3’ height, shade plant, upright/arching form, good for naturalizing

Primrose
6”-12” height, partial shade, upright form, good for naturalizing

Black Eyed Susan
2’-3’ height, light shade to full sun, upright to rounded form, good for boarders and cutting gardens

Autumn Joy Sedum
18”-24” height, light shade to full sun, rounded to upright form, very good use anywhere other than full shade

Hens and Chicks
3”-4” height, light shade to full sun, flat rounded form, good in rock gardens

Lambs’s Ear
12”-15” height, full sun, low spreading form, good as boarders

Globeflower
18”-24” height, light shade to full sun, upright form, good as boarders

Spike Speedwell
10”-3’ height, light shade to full sun, upright form, good in cutting gardens

Sweet Viola
6”-8” height, partial shade, low form, good for naturalizing/can spread aggressively

Vines

Wisteria
30’ height and width, partial to full sun, purple blooms, great for covering structures/must be sturdy

Climbing Rose
10’ +/- height, full sun, multiple colors, climbs well in lattice, nice for covering sides of buildings

Clematis
10’-30’ height, partial shade to full sun, multiple colors, climbs well on lattice/mailboxes

Shade Trees

Boxelder
25’-50’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded form, yellow blooms/orange-yellow fall color

Norway Maple
25’-50’ height, full sun, ovate to round form, yellow blooms/orange-yellow fall color

Red Maple
50’-75’ height, full shade to full sun, many forms, red blooms/red-yellow fall color

Silver Maple
60’-70’ height, partial shade to full sun, obovate form, red blooms/yellow fall color

Sugar Maple
50’-65’ height, partial shade to full sun, ovate form, green blooms/red-orange fall color

River Birch
25’-40’ height, partial shade to full sun, ovate form, brown blooms/yellow fall color

Paper/White Birch
50’-75’ height, partial shade to full sun, pyramidal to ovate form, brown-green blooms/yellow fall color

Shagbark Hickory
25’-40’ height, partial shade to full sun, ovate to oblong form, brown blooms/yellow fall color

White Ash
50’-75’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded form at maturity, green blooms/purple-yellow fall color

Thornless Honeylocust
25’-50’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded form, yellow blooms/orange-yellow fall color

Black Walnut
50’-75’ height, full sun, ovate form, green blooms
Black Locust
50’-75’ height, full sun, ovate form, white blooms/yellow fall color

Pin Oak
50’-75’ height, full sun, pyramidal form, brown blooms/copper-red fall color

Red Oak
50’-75’ height, full sun, rounded form, brown blooms/red fall color

Black Birch
45’-55’ height, partial shade to full sun, oval-upright form, brown blooms/yellow fall color

American Beech
50’-75’ height, full shade to full sun, pyramidal-ovate form, green blooms/copper-yellow call color

Ginkgo/Maidenhair Tree
50’-75’ height, partial shade to full sun, ovate-pyramidal form, green blooms/yellow fall color

Kentucky Coffeetree
50’-75’ height, full sun, ovate-pyramidal form, white blooms/yellow fall color

Tulip Tree/Yellow Poplar
65’-90’ height, full sun, ovate-globose form, green-yellow blooms/yellow fall color

Sycamore Tree
70’-90’ height, full sun, pyramidal form, red blooms/yellow fall color

Trembling Aspen
50’-60’ height, full sun, ovate form, yellow blooms/yellow fall color

Black Cherry
50’-75’ height, partial shade to full sun, ovate form, white blooms/orange-yellow fall color

White Oak
50’-75’ height, partial shade to full sun, pyramidal to rounded form, brown blooms/red fall color

Basswood
75’-80’ height, partial shade to full sun, ovate to pyramidal form, green-yellow blooms/yellow fall color

American Elm
75’-90’ height, partial shade to full sun, vase formed

Flowering Dogwood
20’-25’ height, full shade to full sun, rounded form, white blooms/red fall color

Hawthorn
15’-25’ height, full sun, rounded to pyramidal form, white blooms/red fall color

Ornamental Trees

Serviceberry
10’-25’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, white blooms/red-yellow fall color


American Hornbeam
25’-50’ height, full shade to full sun, ovate form, orange-yellow blooms/red-yellow fall color

Pagoda Dogwood
15’-25’ height, full shade to full sun, oval to rounded form, white blooms/red fall color

Flowering Crabapple
6’-25’ height, varied form, full sun, white-red blooms/yellow fall color

Magnolia
10’-12’ height, partial shade to full sun, pyramidal form, white-red-yellow forms/yellow fall color

European Mountain Ash
25’-40’ height, full sun, oval to upright form, white blooms/yellow-red fall color

Deciduous Shrubs

Sweetfern
36”-6’ height, full shade to full sun, upright form, white-yellow blooms/yellow-red fall color

Forsythia
8’-10’ height, partial shade to full sun, fountain form, yellow blooms/yellow fall leaf

Common Witch-hazel
15’-20’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded to fountain form, yellow blooms/yellow fall color

Winterberry
6’-10’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded to vase form, white blooms

Honeysuckle
6’-10’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded to vase form, white blooms

Common Ninebark
5’-7’ height, full sun, upright form, white blooms/brown fall leaf

Northern Bayberry
10’-15’ height, full sun to full shade, rounded to vase form, green blooms

Shrubby Cinquefoil
12”-4’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded form, white to red and yellow bloom


Staghorn Sumac
15’-25’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, yellow blooms/yellow-red fall color

Elderberry
10’-15’ height, full sun, rounded form, white blooms/yellow fall color

Lilac
8’-12’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded to upright form, purple-white blooms

Winged Euonymus
12’-20’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded to upright form, yellow-green blooms/red fall color

Snowberry
5’-6’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded to spreading form, pink to white blooms

American Cranberry Bush
8’-12’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded to upright form, white blooms/purple to red fall color

Arrowwood
5’-15’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright to rounded form, white blooms/orange-red fall color

Ground Covers

English Ivy
6”-12” height, full shade to full sun, vine/ground cover, white blooms

Japanese Spurge
6”-10” height, full shade to partial shade, upright ground cover, white blooms

Periwinkle/Vinca
6”-12” height, full shade to partial sun, vine/ground cover form, blue/lavender/purple blooms

European Ginger
6”-10” height, partial to full shade, spreading ground cover, slow growing but maintenance free

Bigroot Geranium
12”-18” height, full to partial shade, spreading mound form, many colors

Bloody Cranesbill
6”-12” height, partial shade to full sun, mounding form, many colors

Creeping Phlox
6”-12” height, partial shade, creeping mat form, great as a flowered ground cover

Moss Phlox
3”-6” height, full sun, mounding form/spreading, good for over walls/groundcover

Dragons Blood Sedum
2”-6” height, full sun, ground cover form, good for stone walls and rock gardens

Evergreen Shrubs

Boxwood
Varying heights, partial shade to full sun, many forms, green blooms/green fall color

Japanese Holly
6’-10’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded form, white-green blooms/green fall color

Inkberry
6’-10’ height, partial shade to full sun, oval to vase form, white blooms

Mountain Laurel
6’-10’ height, full shade to full sun, oval form, white-red blooms

Sheep Laurel
12”-36” height, full shade to full sun, rounded to horizontal spreading form, pink-purple blooms

Mountain Andromeda
36”-6’ height, partial shade to full sun, rounded form, white blooms

Catawba Rhododendron
6’-10’ height, partial shade to partial sun, rounded to sprawling form, lavender to purple form

Rosebay Rhododendron
15’-20’ height, partial shade to partial sun, rounded to sprawling form, pink to purple to white blooms

PJM Rhododendron
50’-75’ height, full sun, pyramidal shape, yellow to red blooms/yellow fall leaf

Candytuft
6”-12” height, full sun, short shrub, should be sheered after blooming for regrowth

Canadian Yew
3’-5’ height, full shade to partial shade, groundcover to sprawling form, green blooms

Common Juniper
6”-12” height, partial shade to full sun, upright to spreading, yellow to brown blooms

Yew
15”-25” height, partial shade to full sun, rounded form, yellow to green blooms

Evergreen Trees

Balsam Fir
30’-50’ height, partial shade to full sun, pyramidal form, red blooms

Eastern Redcedar
25’-50’ height, partial shade to full sun, columnar to pyramidal form, yellow-green blooms

Norway Spruce
60’-80’ height, full sun, pyramidal form, pink blooms

White Spruce
35’-50’ height, partial shade to full sun, columnar to pyramidal form, yellow to red blooms

Colorado Blue Spruce
35’-60’ height, partial shade to full sun, columnar to pyramidal form, green-orange blooms

Red Pine
40’-60’ height, full sun, pyramidal to oval form, purple to red blooms

Pitch Pine
40’-60’ height, full sun, pyramidal form, yellow to green blooms

Eastern White Pine
50’-75’ height, partial shade to full sun, oval to pyramidal form, pink to yellow blooms

Scot’s Pine
45’-60’ height, full sun, pyramidal form, yellow blooms

Eastern Arborvitae
25’-40’ height, partial shade to full sun, pyramidal form, yellow blooms, privacy screening

Dark American Arborvitae
20’-30’ height, partial shade to full sun, pyramidal form, privacy screening

Green Giant Arborvitae
40’-60’ height, partial shade to full sun, pyramidal form, privacy screening

Emeral Green Arborvitae
15’ height, partial shade to full sun, Pyramidal form, privacy screening

Canadian Hemlock
50’-75’ height, full shade to full sun, pyramidal form, green to yellow blooms

Bulbs

Tuberous Begonia
6”-12” height, full shade to partial sun, upright form, many colors

Canna
24”-4’ height, full sun, upright form, many colors

Garden Dahlia
12”-6’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, many colors

Gladious
24”-4’ height, full sun, upright form, many colors

Glory of the Snow
3”-6” height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, white color

Lily of the Valley
6”-12” height, full shade to partial sun, upright form, pink/white color

Dutch Crocus
3”-6” height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, many colors

Garden Hyacinth
6”-12” height, full sun, upright form, many colors

Iris
12”-4’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, purple color

Garden Lily
12”-4’ height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, many colors

Grape Hyacinth
6”-12” height, full sun, irregular form, blue color

Daffodil
12”-18” height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, many colors

Tulip
12”-18” height, partial shade to full sun, upright form, many colors

Grasses

Blue Beach Grass
2’-3’ height, full sun, arching clump form, good for bank stabilization/naturalized areas

Blue Fescue
6”-10” height, light shade to full sun, tufted clump form, nice for boarders/can spread

Maiden Grass
Up to 7’ height, full sun, upright clumps, nice as screens/boarders

Porcupine Grass
2’-3’ height, light shade to full sun, upright form, good for massing/specimens

Dwarf Fountain grass
2’ height, light shade to full sun, arching mounded shape, nice in mass plantings

Fruit Trees/Shrubs

Cherry
10’-20’ height, full sun, many varieties

Peach
10’-15’ height, full sun, many varieties

Pear
15’-20’ height, full sun, many varieties

Blueberry
12”-6’ height, partial shade to full sun, many varieties and heights

Apple
10’-20’ height depending on variety, full sun, many varieties

Key Words

Naturalizing- To naturalize plants is the process of growing them as if they were in the wild, establishing them as if they were native to the area. This is usually done along a wood line or in shaded area.  

Deadheading- remove dead flower heads from a plant to encourage further blooming. 

Annual- plants that are planted yearly, normally flowering plants that die at the end of the season 

Perennial- plants that return every year in the same spot 

Shade Tree- trees that grow to larger heights, upwards of 100’ that create a large, shaded area 

Ornamental Tree- trees of a smaller height that are used as standalone to create a centerpiece, normally have a pleasing form or flowering pattern 

Self-seeding- spreads by dropping seeds which take root in surrounding area

 

Plant Forms: 

*Forms are not exact to each tree/plants noted to be a specific shape may vary 

 

Ovate- oval form  

Globose- round form 

Pyramidal- pyramid/triangular shaped  

Rounded- round  

Upright- stands upright/columnar  

Horizontal Spreading- spreading out in all directions above the ground  

Vase- V-shaped 

Fountain- growing out and down/umbrella shaped  

Spreading- growing out and spreading over the area its grow in, can be done with self-reseeding  

Mat- growing thickly and flat to the ground 

 

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Megan Burgess

Megan Burgess